Client: Government Educational Institution in Australia (Click Here to View Photos)
Key Project Statistics:
- Electricity is generated on-site 24×7 at $0.175/kWh saving almost $0.20/kWh compared to grid supplied
- Estimated Annual CO2 Savings: 350 tonnes
- Estimated Annual Savings: $100,000 +
- Estimated Payback: 4.5 years
- Gas Consumption:
- 888MJ/Hour (MircoTurbine)
- 94MJ/Hour (Each Absorption Chiller – ‘*if required’)
- * The chillers exclusively use waste heat from the Micro-Turbine.
- * Free cool air conditioning save electricity normally required to do so.
- *Free heating saves the electricity normally required to do so.
- * Water generation from the air also save electricity if required to do so.
Project Description: Replace a highly inefficient HVAC system. Install a MultiGen system to meet HVAC requirements, generate on-site power to supplement existing grid load, produce water to supplement irrigation and provide air conditioning. Decommission and remove old equipment including a vapour compressor, condensers, air handling unit and electric duct re-heaters.
Project Installation Contractor: Stallion Air Conditioning Sydney, Australia
MultiGen Model: MultiGen65 90kWr – Power, Hot Water, Chilled Water, Air Conditioning and Water from the Air
MultiGen System Installed: MicroTurbine with Integrated Heat Recovery Unit (left). Waste Heat Absorption Chillers (centre), Electric Chiller and Water Maker Air Handling Unit (right)
- Electricity Generation
- Hot Water and Chilled Water Production,
- Air Conditioning and Water Making from the Air
- Hourly Electricity Consumption of Plant: 60-90 kW (Higher energy consumption when 5 electric duct mounted reheaters were in operation)
- HVAC Capacity Requirement: 90kW
- Plant Consumption: 20kW
- On-site Electricity Generation from MicroTurbine: 60kW usable
- Free Cooling from Waste Heat Chillers: 34 kWt
- Free Heating from Waste Heat Recovery Unit: 34 kW
- Additional Electric Chiller: 56 kWt
- Noise Level: <65Dba
- MicroTurbine Emissions Data: 15% O2 NOX4-9ppm , C0-30ppm
- Absorption Chiller Emissions: 6.5% O2, CO-30ppm, 8.2% CO2, Ratio: 0.0004
MultiGen system comprises of:
- 1 x 65kW Gas Powered MicroTurbine with an Integrated Heat Recovery Unit and Gas Compressor
- 1 x Hot Water Heating Coil fitted to the A/C Ducting, Expansion Tank and Roof Mounted Dump Cooler
- 1 x Dual Mode Controller for Grid Connect or Standalone Operation of the MicroTurbine
- 2 x 17kWr Dual Fired (Waste Heat and Gas) Air-Cooled Absorption Chillers with Buffer and Expansion Tanks
- 1 x 34kW Water Maker Air Handler
- 1 x 56 kWt Air-Cooled Electric Chiller with Buffer and Expansion Tanks
- 1 x 56 kW Water Maker Air Handler
- 3 x Wafer Style Flue Valves with Actuators to Control Waste Heat
MultiGen System Operation Overview
The MicroTurbine is supplied with natural gas and generates 65kW of electricity 24 hours a day and has 60kW usable. The electricity generated supplements the Institute’s business hours electricity supply grid load of 140kW and provides all electricity out of business hours approximately 50kW per hour. The MircoTurbine is connected to the Institute’s Building Management System to enable load-following and monitoring of gas consumption and electricity generation. The MicroTurbine has the capacity to operate, via the Dual Mode Controller, to follow a load of Stand Alone in the event of a grid failure.
The waste heat from the MicroTurbine is used to heat water through the integrated Heat Recovery Unit for 34kWt of space heating. When cooling is required the waste heat is used to initiate chilled water from the Absorption chillers for 34kWt of space cooling. The electric chiller provides the additional 56kWt of cooling and heating required.
If heating or cooling isn’t required the waste heat is exhausted to atmosphere. The Water Maker Air Handler units make 5 litres of water per hour per 3.6kW of cooling capacity when the temperature is 27c with relative humidity of 60%. The Water Maker Air Handler’s water production capacity varies according to local climatic conditions and can be set to operate at different time of the day or night via a timer.
The Absorption Chillers are dual fired, air-cooled and use ammonia as the refrigerant. They have 3 modes of operation:
- • Waste heat only
- • Natural gas only
- • Waste Heat and Natural Gas
If the MicroTurbine is not operational the chillers will fire automatically on natural gas and continue operation. The MicroTurbine normally provides the necessary waste heat for the chillers. Up to 4 Chillers can be coupled to one 65 kW Capstone MicroTurbine. In the event that the waste heat is insufficient natural gas is used to maintain the desired operational temperature of the Chillers hence duel fired terminology.
All components require minimal maintenance. The gas appliances that form part of MultiGen system, the MicroTurbine and Absorption Chillers, have been inspected and certified that they comply with the strict Australia standards specifically:
- • AS 3814 – Gas Appliances and,
- • AS 4625 – Electronic Flame Safeguards and Flame Detectors.